Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
A job safety analysis (JSA) is a written procedure developed to review work steps and their associated hazards in order to put in place correct solutions to eliminate or minimise the risk of those hazards.
A JSA is sometimes referred to as a ‘job hazard analysis’.
The JSA can also be completed as part of preparing a Safe Work Method Statement which is a written procedure for the high-risk construction work.
Why is a Job Safety Analysis(JSA) important?
A JSA can offer many benefits to a business which includes:
- increasing the knowledge of a work process by understanding what each employee should know and how they are to perform their job;
- helping to uncover existing and potential hazards and consequence of exposure of the associated to work steps;
- helping to outline appropriate control measures to prevent and eliminate hazards;
- enabling employees to participate and contribute to the design of a work process thereby improving safety awareness;
- standardising work processes based on acceptable safe practices and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE);
- improving communication about safety by using the JSA as a continuous training medium;
- helping to reduce risks and prevent injuries and incidents at workplaces; and
- complying with the occupational safety and health requirements.
When do I need to develop a JSA?
A JSA should be developed for a job that:
- has a high potential risk of injury;
- has a previous record of accident, injury and near miss;
- is new or has been modified as a result of adopting new processes or equipment;
- requires multi-steps to complete;
- involves repetitive motion;
- will be carried out in a new environment;
- has been rarely performed or where new people are performing them;
- performed under ‘Permit to Work’ conditions;
- may be a routine task that requires frequent safety checks; and
- requires a high level of safety precaution, for example, involving fire, explosions, chemical spills and creation of toxic or an oxygen deficient atmosphere.